Category Archives: Economics

“Energy Is Becoming a Thirstier Resource”

International Energy Agency’s 2012 WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK reports on key elements of the world-wide energy equation, ending with a hard look at the future of the world’s water resources. Analysis of global energy trajectories projects more than doubling the use of water by 2035. “(This amount is) equal to the residential water use of every person in the United States over three years, or 90 days’ discharge of the Mississippi River.”

Already-constrained global water resources will be impacted by expected increases in use of more water-intensive energy production methods for gas, oil, coal and biofuels. These effects could be compounded by the fact that much of the water used in these methods will not returned to its source.

Future planning for growth in the key areas of energy production, population and economic development will be essential to managing vulnerable global water resources. Implementation of fuel-free, low-water use clean, renewable energy technologies could be a bright part of the future’s picture.

Ceres Report – Futures for U.S. Property/Casualty Insurers: The Growing Costs and Risks of Extreme Weather Events

In September 2012, Ceres published a report discussing the effects that the increasing number and severity of storms are having on insurance providers, consumers and the broader economy in the United States. Drought, fires, hurricanes, flooding and winter storms are all key discussion topics. In 2011, insured damage costs totaled $44 billion, the second highest only to those from 2005 when hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma occurred, causing insured damage costs to total $60 billion (pg 10). Below is a graph from the report which represents the natural disaster trends in the United States, showing that the number of events has generally been increasing since 1980.

Continue reading Ceres Report – Futures for U.S. Property/Casualty Insurers: The Growing Costs and Risks of Extreme Weather Events

CEA Research Report: Trends in U.S. Delivered Coal Costs: 2004-2011

Leslie Glustrom, Research Director for Clean Energy Action, and contributors Teresa Foster and William Briggs, have provided a comprehensive review of U.S. Department of Energy data that clearly illustrates the steady increases in delivered coal costs across the continental United States since 2004. This seven year upward trend appears to be attributable to the three key supply and demand forces of increased production costs, increased transportation costs, and increased export pressure. Authors suggest that these may be expected to continue to exert upward pressure on future coal prices.

In many states prices for wind and solar are becoming competitive with these increased coal costs.  This report encourages citizens and policy-makers to consider delivered coal costs on a state-by-state basis, to compare prices of emerging alternative clean, fuel-free energy sources, and to investigate individual states’ future fuel discount pricing practices in order to make the best future energy investment decisions. Well-documented background references on coal supply constraints as well as references for the tremendous health and environmental toll we all pay for the burning of coal to produce energy make this report an excellent and easily-understood resource.

For full report U.S. Delivered Coal Costs 2004-2011

Original data source: Energy Information Association

Carbon Tax – “The Most Sensible Tax of All”?

Last Wednesday, Independence Day, two authors, Yoram Bauman, an environmental economist and fellow at Sightline Institute in Seattle and Shi-Ling Hsu, a law professor at Florida State University who is the author of “The Case for a Carbon Tax” published an Op-Ed in the New York Times.

We question whether it is the most sensible tax because of our familiarity with James Hansen’s fee-and-dividend approach to reduce carbon emissions. While similar to Mr. Hansen’s concept, a carbon tax may be sensible, but it would be up to We the People to ensure that our citizen voices were heard as it was implemented and assessed in a way that achieved clean, renewable energy and carbon neutrality goals. A tax certainly seems to be a more transparent policy when compared and contrasted to a cap-and-trade model. However, is the fee-and-dividend action in the public interest the least opaque?

The authors highlight the following:

  • The carbon tax in British Columbia is a substitute for other taxes.
    • Takes the place of payroll, business, investment and employee taxes.
  • Preliminary data show greenhouse gases have been reduced 4.5% in the four years since the inception of the tax.
    • This despite increases in population and GDP.
  • Gasoline sales down 2% since 2007.
    • 5% increase over same time period across the rest of Canada.
  • Non-partisan policy that has aspects that both Republicans and Democrats favor.
    • Tax breaks for both high and low income populations.
  • Families, businesses and industry could control the amount of carbon tax paid by reducing their carbon footprint.
  • Promotes energy conservation and investment into productive economic activity.
    • Moves economy away from consumption and borrowing toward saving and investment.

The original Op-Ed: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/05/opinion/a-carbon-tax-sensible-for-all.html?_r=2&ref=carbondioxide

Mr. Hansen’s fee-and-dividend approach: http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/mailings/2010/20100112_PeopleVersusCap.pdf

The British Columbia Ministry of Finance Carbon Tax Review and Overview: http://www.fin.gov.bc.ca/tbs/tp/climate/carbon_tax.htm